An Act to amend the Federal-Provincial Fiscal Arrangements Act and the Canada Health Act

This bill was last introduced in the 43rd Parliament, 2nd Session, which ended in August 2021.


Alain Therrien  Bloc

Introduced as a private member’s bill. (These don’t often become law.)


Second reading (House), as of May 31, 2021
(This bill did not become law.)


This is from the published bill. The Library of Parliament often publishes better independent summaries.

This enactment amends the Federal-Provincial Fiscal Arrangements Act to provide that a province with a program whose objectives are comparable to those of a federal program in an area under the legislative authority of the province may withdraw from the federal program.

It also amends that Act and the Canada Health Act in order to exempt Quebec from the national criteria and conditions set out for the Canada Health Transfer.


All sorts of information on this bill is available at LEGISinfo, provided by the Library of Parliament. You can also read the full text of the bill.

Federal-Provincial Fiscal Arrangements ActRoutine Proceedings

May 27th, 2021 / 10:50 a.m.
See context


Alain Therrien Bloc La Prairie, QC

moved for leave to introduce Bill C-301, An Act to amend the Federal-Provincial Fiscal Arrangements Act and the Canada Health Act.

Mr. Speaker, the bill I am introducing today would protect the provinces, and in particular Quebec, against the greatest threat to their autonomy, which I refer to as the so-called federal spending power.

Everyone knows that Ottawa transfers money to the provinces and makes sure to tell them what to do with that money. The federal government treats the provinces as subcontractors and forces them to implement its own priorities in areas that are exclusive provincial jurisdictions.

This is what my bill would address. As it stands right now, the bill would exempt Quebec from the federal standards set out in the Canada Health Act, including the upcoming long-term care standards, and would also amend the Federal-Provincial Fiscal Arrangements Act.

Quebec and the provinces who wish to participate will be able to withdraw, with full compensation, from federal programs that infringe on their jurisdictions. They will then be able to recover their autonomy in jurisdictions that are meant to be under their responsibility. There is a consensus on this in Quebec. All parties agree.

At its core, this bill is designed to put an end to paternalistic lecturing and predatory federalism.

(Motions deemed adopted, bill read the first time and printed)