I think the only way you can establish the turnkey legal framework is through a piece of federal legislation, and that piece of federal legislation is being proposed right now. That might be a good place to put it. I'm not saying it can't be in other places.
Can you build administrative capacity without the property ownership? Of course you can.
I do want to make one thing clear because you mentioned the checkerboard. I think there's a general misunderstanding—and it certainly was mine until it was explained to me by a leader up in Kitselas—in that there's a difference between when we say a property is held in fee simple by an individual and what a government owns. This is how he explained it to me. He said, people think that because they have fee simple ownership, they own the property, but here's a little experiment for you. Stop paying your property tax and find out who owns your property.
I think that's what's certainly contained in that particular proposal. The difference between government property rights, I guess, is in some cases that they can own the property, but they also have the jurisdiction, the land, and tax powers. They also have the reversionary rights, and they also have expropriation powers.
It doesn't matter who owns the land. Those powers always exist. I'm from B.C. If I were to purchase land in Saskatchewan, it doesn't all of a sudden become B.C. It's still Saskatchewan because they still have the underlying jurisdiction, the reversionary rights, and the expropriation rights.
In the exact same way, that's how the proposed property ownership act would work. First nations would always retain the jurisdiction, the tax powers, the land powers, the expropriation powers, and reversionary rights. And so it's always their land regardless of who's there.