I will wrap it up quickly. One of the committees to which I've newly been appointed is the AFN-Indigenous Services Canada committee of former Minister Jane Philpott. The 10-year grant funding is based on outcomes—to measure that they've closed the gap, so to speak. The data sources they've used include things like Stats Canada's Indian registry. We discovered in Alberta how flawed those data sets are and that using bad data has gotten us into the problems we're now facing because of inadequate funding and improper policy. For example, the first nations health policy is really meant only to contain disease on reserve; it was never meant to prevent disease from happening. In the Indian registry, the flaws we discovered were that 10% of the population in Alberta on the Indian registry were 106 years old and half the children were not accounted for. The Indian registry doesn't have a natural relationship with vital stats and thus does not include timely updates of births and deaths. If nations and the funding formulas are dependent on that, first nations are always going to be underfunded.
We're in a real catch-up mode. We do need to look at possibly funding the first nations statistical institute in the FNIGC, which really addresses free, prior and informed consent, and implements the ownership, control, access and possession of information. With that, we can have a respectful relationship to clean the data in the way that it needs to be done.