In principle, what we have observed—and this view is also shared by the government— is that when free trade agreements are implemented, tariffs go down. They are eliminated or phased out. Non-tariff barriers tend to come up, so it's the other way around. There are a number of mechanisms in the TPP to be put in place to find timely resolutions to these non-tariff barriers. You have heard the witnesses here mention some of them. Basically, the provisions in the TPP build on WTO provisions, when it comes to SPS and TBT measures, but go a little further. You have heard the example of the biotech annex, the chapter on biotechnology, which is to be a mechanism for countries to exchange information and seek the timely approval of biotechnology trades, for example.
On April 18th, 2016. See this statement in context.