In answer to your first question, the stations that belong to the Fédération des télévisions communautaires autonomes du Québec only broadcast by cable. Our signal is distributed only by cable carriers. It is not distributed by any other means, by satellite or otherwise.
In fact, broadcasting is mandatory. As soon as a community television station gets a licence, such as a low-power licence or some recognition in its environment, the cable carrier has to broadcast it. With regard to resources for transcriptions or translations into other languages, community television has not yet reached that stage. We have neither the financial nor the human resources to succeed in doing this kind of translation work, even for hearing-impaired persons. We wish we could do it, but it is still too expensive.