We have also had a lot of people come to discuss this issue with us. Allow me to go back a few years to help out your colleagues.
In 2012, the government added a certain number of categories for fair dealing, including education. It's also worth remembering that the current problems related to copyright certainly stem from the act, but also from the case law. That same year, in 2012, the Supreme Court of Canada provided a rather broad interpretation of the word “education” in the context of fair dealing.
This decision is indeed controversial. On one side of the debate, we have academic institutions, especially in English Canada, that have developed guidelines around copying for educational purposes, which are not only based on the definition of fair dealing provided by the Copyright Act, but also on the case law, specifically the Supreme Court of Canada decision. In Quebec, the situation is a little different, except with regard to the Université Laval.
On the other side, the publishers of educational material, the Access Copyright collective is of the opinion that these guidelines are much too permissive. This issue always finds its way before the courts; just look at the current case between Access Copyright and York University.
So, to confirm what you're saying, it's still a contentious and polarizing issue. One of the questions the committee might want to ask itself is, how can we defuse the situation? How can we get people to the table to find a solution that works for everyone? Université Laval aside, there is precedent in Quebec. Copibec, Access Copyright's sister organization, is pursuing agreements with all of Quebec's universities, and everything is going well. Will it continue that way? It will depend on future decisions. I think that the decision in the York University case is an important one, and it will be interesting to see how things play out since it has been appealed. We'll see what happens, but one thing is certain: This is clearly a recurrent issue.