I have a question for Dr. Leuprecht, as well, in keeping with his pre-circulated speaking notes.
You made a reference to the public information available, based on Turkey's actual involvement and other activities that were going on:
Since this is public information, there is little doubt that the inter-departmental risk assessment provided to the Minister on this particular matter would have flagged that the granting of this particular permit was a high-risk proposition. At the time, Turkey was already conducting military exercises with Azerbaijan and encouraging Azerbaijan to change the status quo—by military means.
Then you said:
The Minister exercised his discretion in approving the permit anyway.
I gather from that, you feel the department was deficient in assessing the risk. Although, we see, based on the memorandum that was released with the documents—the memorandum of action, as it was referred to, from September 2—that in fact the department is saying it meets the requirements of the ATT but has some exceptions offered, and recommended that you approve the issuance of the applications in the attached annexes. That seems to me that they did approve them.
I conclude, then, that you must believe the assessment was inadequate by the department.