Thank you very much, and thank you to all of our witness for very insightful presentations.
Obviously, as is known, I have the honour of representing northern Manitoba. It's clear to many of us that poverty faced by people up north, particularly first nations, is intricately connected to poverty in the city.
I'm wondering if perhaps those of you who are based in Winnipeg could speak to how important it is for the federal government to invest in on-reserve housing, particularly in the context of supporting local solutions. I'm sure you know of a number of initiatives where communities have tried to tackle this issue, but of course, there's red tape and a number of different disincentives, including from CMHC. Although, apparently through their review, they are much more interested in supporting local solutions on reserve.
Through understanding, and perhaps for us to take away how important it is to allow people to stay in their communities and create opportunities in the community rather than having no other choice but to flee to the city, not because there are opportunities there but that there's some sort of sense of a better chance of survival. Again, in the spirit of giving us some solid recommendations, could you provide us with some?
I wanted to echo a Canadian Press article that came out a few months ago saying that fixing first nations housing in Manitoba alone would cost up to $2 billion. It would come as a huge deficit, and I see this impact every day, but those of you working in the inner city understand those connections deeply as well.
Perhaps, Allan, we can start with you, and then we can go to Tyler, Clark, and Jino.