Okay, thank you very much, Mr. Chair.
I should just say in addition to Kami, I do have other officials here with me so that if we get into detailed questions, I'd like to have the ability to call them to the table if they can provide more detailed answers.
On the question of safety, it definitely has been an issue of increased activity for the government. The issue that the minister raised was public confidence: how do we make sure that we can have projects go forward in a way that the public has confidence that they'll be done environmentally, safely with respect to communities?
I'm not aware of anything in particular in the supplementary estimates that is directly on point to that. There are issues of increasing our consultations on the west coast with aboriginal communities, to get the message across and to make sure we're having those dialogues, but I would say if you look outside of the estimates, there definitely have been a number of changes in all of the areas you suggested: in the area of tanker safety, where the government introduced a number of measures such as mandatory double hulling; and additional research on the property of bitumen in the event of a spill.
There has been some work on enhancing tanker safety, and in all of these areas an effort to prevent what's happening, but also to make sure we are prepared in the event that the unfortunate event happens. So on tanker safety, pipeline safety, again, we will be coming forward with legislation, primarily ensuring an adequate liability regime to make sure that liabilities are established in the event of a spill and that the polluter-pay principle is respected and enshrined in law.
On rail safety, there have been a number of measures put forward in response to events to make sure we have a safe rail system for transport, as more of these products are transported by rail.
Those are initiatives that have taken place, not necessarily in the context of the supplementary estimates but in recent history, and as part of the ongoing efforts we have at the federal and provincial levels to try to ensure that resources can be shipped safely and with the confidence of Canadians.