I think we're very entrenched in coping, and in fact struggling, with existing structures, and are all very aware that none of them are working. In my world, we work extremely successfully on court diversion and prevention. The Siksika Nation has been incredibly successful in doing this. They've been successful in working with programs around restorative practice and Aiskapimohkiiks, and that has seen both prison and court diversions.
The preventative method is immensely important. I don't in any way denigrate anything that's being said by the other presenters today, because it is all very true, but so much of what we are engaging in is a treadmill, the gerbil-and-the-treadmill kind of process. A year and a half ago, we received information from the Alberta FASD network around the Edmonton Institution for Women. That report said that 100% of the women incarcerated were indigenous. You talk about prevention, but there were absolutely no options for these women, some of whom were our students, with regard to looking at the brain injuries they had suffered and the severe pressures that they were undergoing in incarceration.
We've seen the difference in what happens to.... Because we live in Alberta, we have had access to Buffalo Sage and to the treatment centre in southern Saskatchewan—very limited—but we're so short of those beds. What I can tell you is that we see the aftermath as well. For young women coming out of the programs that have had the healing centres that were not run by Corrections Canada, their capacity to cope with post-traumatic stress syndrome, which every single one has a clinical diagnosis for, was 100% better, and their improvements were so much more.
In our population, we know that working on and dedicating these immense resources to prevention have created incredible results over the last 20 years. Those have come about by the nation weaving this safety net in a 360° view, individualized education programs, and bringing all services providers to the table.
One of the things that we really believe is missing in our community is that community courts concept. If that were a reality, we think it would give that aboriginal voice, that indigenous voice, the power that is needed to effect the preventative strategies in a more profound way.
If I had to answer your question succinctly, I would say that I would like to see the money put into prevention, most certainly.