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Status of Women committee  I would add as well that most of the well-documented negative effects of pornography are also found to be caused by other forms of sexualized media that aren't explicit. For most of the things that we see in youth that we are fairly confident are caused or influenced by pornograp

December 5th, 2016Committee meeting

Matthew Johnson

Status of Women committee  I think that's a question that's a little more technical, if I can speak for Jane, than either of us is qualified to answer. What I will say is that I'm not certain that there is any power in the world that will prevent teenagers from accessing pornography. I don't mean to be fl

December 5th, 2016Committee meeting

Matthew Johnson

Status of Women committee  I'm using upvoting and downvoting in a generic sense. I'm using “upvoting” to mean taking any action that boosts content, that spreads it, and particularly that makes it seem more relevant to the algorithm, and “downvoting” to mean anything that does the opposite, that limits the

December 5th, 2016Committee meeting

Matthew Johnson

Status of Women committee  There are a number of things that I think can be done at the federal level. One of those is supporting the development of digital literacy resources. Most of the provinces that are adopting digital literacy in the curriculum don't necessarily have resources for teachers to use, a

December 5th, 2016Committee meeting

Matthew Johnson

Status of Women committee  Technically, we have a number of easy steps that can be partially effective. If you're talking on an individual level, almost every search engine has a “SafeSearch” setting. There are also content filters that are available. Most ISPs make those available. There are commercial

December 5th, 2016Committee meeting

Matthew Johnson

Status of Women committee  As an educational organization, MediaSmarts doesn't take a position on legislation unless it's directly relevant to our educational mission, but as part of our mission, we do educate adults and youth about their legal rights and the remedies available to them should they choose t

December 5th, 2016Committee meeting

Matthew Johnson

Status of Women committee  We certainly would make them aware of it. We don't necessarily recommend, but as I said, we certainly would make sure that all of our resources featured it, because it would be another tool that could be used for dealing with hate material on the Internet or other media.

December 5th, 2016Committee meeting

Matthew Johnson

Status of Women committee  We don't really have stable operating funding. We certainly get tremendous support from a lot of sources, from our sponsors, but I'm not going to list them all, because it would use up the time we have. When it comes to things like online hate, it's very difficult for us to find

December 5th, 2016Committee meeting

Matthew Johnson

Status of Women committee  There is an increased presence of digital literacy in curricula across the country. One of the things we do is keep track of provincial and territorial curricula, partly to make sure our resources match those curricula so that teachers can use them without taking time away from w

December 5th, 2016Committee meeting

Matthew Johnson

Status of Women committee  Yes, absolutely. One of the things that we educate young people about is, again, digital citizenship: their ability to make a difference online. We teach them, for instance, that when they see inappropriate content, particularly when it's something like cyber-bullying or hate c

December 5th, 2016Committee meeting

Matthew Johnson

Status of Women committee  I'm not really sure what to add on the topic. We've seen a number of cases in which, either through what you might call savvy gaming of algorithms or, in some cases, just brute force, people have been able to manipulate things such as trending topics. One study that was done of

December 5th, 2016Committee meeting

Matthew Johnson

Status of Women committee  In part, it happens because any time one message is being amplified, others get lowered. Someone's message is less likely to be trending if someone else's is. There's a limited number of spots. Some platforms also have what's called “downvoting”, in which users not only can boo

December 5th, 2016Committee meeting

Matthew Johnson

Status of Women committee  Thank you to the committee for inviting MediaSmarts to testify on this issue. Our research suggests that algorithms and the collection of the data that make them work are poorly understood by youth. Only one in six young Canadians feel that the companies that operate social net

December 5th, 2016Committee meeting

Matthew Johnson

Status of Women committee  I didn't mean violence necessarily, but certainly a male-oriented vision of sexuality in which men are subjects and women are objects and porn is all about men's pleasure.

June 16th, 2016Committee meeting

Matthew Johnson

Status of Women committee  It's not just porn. There are many examples of this stereotyped sexuality in all kinds of media that youth and adults consume.

June 16th, 2016Committee meeting

Matthew Johnson