The approach that we have right now, as I mentioned on Tuesday, is a useful approach to the issue. The monitoring I'll come to in the second half of my response.
In the first part of my response, the focused approach on, for example, plants and plant pests, that we have through three departments or agencies—the Canadian Food Inspection Agency, within Agriculture and Agri-food Canada, Natural Resources Canada, and the Canadian Forest Service—allows that focused effort around species that are very similar. For example, there is expertise around aquatic species in Fisheries and Oceans. These are very specialized areas of expertise and it's good to have them in the particular agencies.
Monitoring is a great challenge that speaks to the early detection and rapid response. Monitoring is a responsibility that falls not only to the federal government but to provincial governments as well. It's an ambitious task to monitor invasive species and biodiversity. If the federal government is focusing its efforts on monitoring, it would be best to focus in those areas that are near ports of entry. The federal role that I mentioned on international trading and international travel...those major points of entry are the places where one could anticipate we'd see the first evidence of new invaders to the country. If the federal government were prioritizing, those would be the areas that come to mind.
With respect to monitoring, it's a much broader task than one that falls to the federal government alone. I mentioned provinces and territories, but we fund volunteer work where Canadians, citizen scientists, are out there in ecosystems and habitats checking for the presence of new invaders.