The fact that we do not have laws adapted to the technologies of the fourth industrial revolution at the beginning of the 21st century creates in itself an environment that gives rise not only to potential risks, as I said, but to real harm for individuals.
Would the Tim Hortons app situation still have occurred if the laws had been modernized? Maybe, but the chances would have been much less. Would the Clearview AI problem have occurred if the laws had been adapted to modern technology? Again, the chances would have been much lower. Regulation will not solve everything, but a strong law, rigorously enforced, and sometimes with penalties, is an incentive for all actors, departments and companies to respect the law. Clearly, Canada's delay in adopting modern laws has resulted in situations that have caused harm to Canadians.