First, I want to agree with your comments. When I said post-secondary, I meant university or college or trade.
I don't believe it's appropriate that everybody goes to university. The latest HRSDC stats show about 22% go to post-secondary. I can't remember the number—Professor Corak would probably know—but the number that go to college is a little bit higher. Of course, trades are the third one. That's the first point.
I'm not worried about who goes on to post-secondary. I just don't get worried about that. I'm worried about the 45% of adult Canadians who do not go on to post-secondary, whether it's college, trade, or education. The literacy network is using a methodology that ranks literacy on a scale of 1 to 5, and industry and government today need a level 3 literacy, as a minimum. They have found—I don't know the source of their methodology, but they're in partnership with HRSDC, as well as the association of manufacturers and exporters—that 48% of adult Canadians do not reach level 3 literacy. Well, if you don't reach the minimum necessary to work in federal, provincial, or municipal government, hospitals, universities, colleges, or private sector, then you're going to be in the bottom quintiles.
There's no magic to this. If you don't have the skill sets to be hired, you're going to be filtered out. You will not even be interviewed. You won't even be screened in. It's just a fantasy for anyone to think today that if you have grade 10 you can go in a management training program with IBM, or the Bank of Montreal, or the Government of Canada to become a vice-president or a deputy minister down the road.
We certainly have to address high school dropouts. The latest numbers, again from HRSDC, are that just under 10% of Canadians today are dropping out, so that's come down significantly. But we have to deal with the 45% who don't have PSE and the 48% who are not at level 3 on the literacy standards.