In thinking about strategies, it makes sense to think across a whole variety of levels. I think some of the strategies may be things that are already in place. For example, in Ontario and in other parts of Canada and also internationally, there is the early development instrument. One of the leaders of that is in Hamilton at the Offord centre, Magdalena Janus.
That basically is an opportunity to assess kids in senior or junior kindergarten to see where they're at compared with what you would expect of someone of that age and stage, academically, socially, and those sorts of things. I think there are monitoring systems that can be put in place so you can at least identify kids early, who may be having some difficulties. This is one idea.
Again, I see it as a pyramid. Things can be available in the community that can help many parents that have to do with evidence-based parenting programs and other sorts of educational things that all parents can go to, any parent who is unsure about what's going on, or parents whose kids have significant difficulties at that stage. Then you move up the pyramid to other kinds of more specialized services. Everyone doesn't need to get to the top of the pyramid, but we need more opportunity to offer stuff broadly to people in the community who are feeling the need to get it and then move up so that the specialized services are used in the way that makes the most sense.
I think we also need to think about the fact that everything does not have to be a face-to-face interaction. I think there is definitely a lot of good and bad information on the Internet. There are evidence-based interventions that people can use to start to think about how they manage their anxious or depressed thoughts. I think the idea of using the Internet, and sometimes Internet-based interventions, can be helpful as well. We really need to move in that direction.