If the question relates to what the government is doing in terms of progressive trade elements in TISA, yes, there are actually some of those features in our approach. In fact, we were one of the first to operationalize something with respect to work on domestic regulations. In the services area, we address licensing and certification requirements and procedures. We try to promote transparency and predictability in these areas.
One of the things that came across to us through a World Bank study from 2015 or 2016, I believe, was that unfortunately there are a multitude of jurisdictions that actually have, as part of their legal and regulatory regime, discriminatory practices related to gender. For instance, women cannot participate in the economy by being able to receive a licence to participate in a certain sector or obtain a bank account and things of that type. We did introduce work in this regard.
In fact, that is a trade barrier. Any Canadian exporter, if the individual is a woman, could face a barrier in a foreign market based on the fact that they have potential barriers related to gender itself on their books. It could be something that prevents them from participating.
Beyond that, it also has an impact on those markets of interest to us in developing greater participation of all elements of their societies in their economy. When there are limitations in that regard, they can have a detrimental impact in terms of our trade relationship with that country.
Services are one area where we have been able to identify, at least in this regard, a specific barrier related to gender, and it does fit under this progressive trade umbrella. This is something we have advanced, and it is now also featuring as part of our broader WTO work.