That's a great question.
I have just one point of clarification. For the most part, women do not have access to healing lodges. The vast majority of women do not have access to healing lodges.
There is one CSC-operated healing lodge for women, Okimaw Ohci .Then there is one section 81 contracted healing lodge that has women, as far as I know. Mr. Michael may know a little more.
A start would be actually making that a meaningful option for women, but as I said, the tools are there in the legislation, so section 81 and section 84 of the Corrections and Conditional Release Act provide all the legislative tools we need. It says in those sections that if a person is under sentence, or if a person is on community release or eligible for community release on parole, that the indigenous communities, whether it's a reserve community or an urban community that is more an amalgam of different resource organizations, can put together a plan, funded with federal dollars, that would allow that person to be in the community. That's the way forward. You actually don't even need legislative change.
So another part of the process would be to adequately fund that and let people know.... I was at Fraser Valley Institution recently, as I mentioned, and sat with a group of women lifers. All but one were indigenous and they didn't know about the opportunity for section 84 releases to their communities. One woman had actually gone out and done that research and was trying to make it happen but didn't have much in the way of support to do it, so that's one thing.
In terms of sentencing, we should reorient our sentencing, get rid of mandatory sentences for the most part, and reinsert the opportunity for judicial discretion to depart from them. Even if you were to consider them presumptive sentences, certainly for women there are lots of reasons why they don't actually address their situations. There is a need for that tailored response. That would be a start for those two things.
I don't know if I've answered your question or if there was another part to it that I've missed.