It's hard to quantify a specific disadvantage from a specific measure. What do we know? I mentioned earlier that our industry has seen over $250 billion of new investment in the United States in the last five years. Historical patterns say Canada should have seen 10% of that. We should have seen $25 billion to $30 billion of new investment in our sector in Canada in the last five years. We've not seen that. We've seen about $2 billion. We know we have a lot of work to do to make business conditions attractive so that people want to invest here.
Going back to your earlier question, maybe C was good enough in the 1970s, but in today's world, for individuals who are moving product from their family farms or for the economy as a whole, when we want to attract a greater share of the global market and attract investment, I can guarantee you that a C is not enough.
I would add one more thing that I think is really important on the data question asked earlier. We have to distinguish between individual claims. There will always be reasons that things don't happen when they should, but the most important information that will come out of this will be those broader trends. Is the system performing the way it's supposed to?
If you look at the United States, one major class 1 railway within the last year had a change of ownership, and within six months, the Surface Transportation Board was able to issue letters and call people in to Washington to say their service wasn't good enough and had to change. I don't think we have the ability today, and that's where we need to get to.