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Environment committee  I think that's better addressed by your legislative counsel.

May 26th, 2021Committee meeting

John Moffet

Environment committee  I can answer that. Statutes passed with preambles are published with their preambles. Preambles can be used in traditional interpretation, but they have less influence than a purpose provision, which in turn has less influence than a substantive provision that provides an explic

May 26th, 2021Committee meeting

John Moffet

Environment committee  Clause 4 refers to international commitments. I won't speak for Ms. May, but I don't think the objective is to change those international commitments. It's simply to reinforce them. The way the bill is drafted, it refers to those commitments, which, as the preamble indicates, inc

May 26th, 2021Committee meeting

John Moffet

Environment committee  Mr. Scarpaleggia, I was asked a question about exactly what the target of 40% to 45% would represent, and the answer is 438 to 401 megatonnes.

May 17th, 2021Committee meeting

John Moffet

Environment committee  I think that's an excellent question and a really important issue. It's one where we need to distinguish between the specific legal obligations under the bill and the process that the government, and future governments, will follow in order to drive really effective action on cl

May 17th, 2021Committee meeting

John Moffet

Environment committee  I think we anticipate that there would be an opportunity for judicial review if the minister of the day does not comply with one of the very specific obligations imposed on the minister.

May 17th, 2021Committee meeting

John Moffet

Environment committee  I think many of the measures in the bill reflect actions that have been taken. What the bill does is consolidate those actions, including the obligations and steps we take under the UNFCCC. However, it adds a considerable amount of accountability with respect to the obligation

May 17th, 2021Committee meeting

John Moffet

Environment committee  We did not engage in extensive formal consultation about the specific provisions in this bill.

May 17th, 2021Committee meeting

John Moffet

Environment committee  I would take exception to that characterization. Since 2016, this government has engaged significantly and regularly with indigenous peoples, including in the development of the pan-Canadian framework, by distinctions-based processes with first nations, Métis and Inuit, via Gen

May 17th, 2021Committee meeting

John Moffet

Environment committee  The minister indicated that our target would be aligned with Canada's nationally determined contribution. Under the Paris Agreement, a country's targets cannot go backwards. They cannot be weakened.

May 17th, 2021Committee meeting

John Moffet

Environment committee  Yes, that is true. Section 11 gives the minister the power to amend the target, but we also have to keep in mind that Canada and the minister will have to respect the Paris Agreement. At the beginning of this bill, there is a requirement that targets be set respecting Canada's

May 17th, 2021Committee meeting

John Moffet

Environment committee  No. In the coming months, Canada will introduce a new nationally determined contribution that will reflect the 40% to 45% target.

May 17th, 2021Committee meeting

John Moffet

Environment committee  Yes, I understand that's the question, but the answer is no. It can't go below our NDC, and our NDC is going to change. Our NDC is going to increase—

May 17th, 2021Committee meeting

John Moffet

Environment committee  We are committing to a new NDC, which the government intends to announce this summer.

May 17th, 2021Committee meeting

John Moffet

Environment committee  As Minister Wilkinson explained, the focus of the legislation is on political and public accountability, so there is a legal obligation on the minister of the day to set targets, to develop a plan, to report on progress towards the target and to account for whether the target has

May 17th, 2021Committee meeting

John Moffet