This issue is obviously particularly complex. You start with whatever it is, the 7,000 different items that are in the customs tariff that have to be enforced. You have 10-digit coding that has to be applied to everything. You have to get it down to very detailed levels. Then you have duties that apply that are difficult. It's not just a matter of one duty on product x and another duty on product y. When you're dealing with something like diafiltered milk, for example, it's the protein level in the product that determines the level of the duty. So it's about applying the duties, knowing what the product is that's coming across the border, and then actually being able to enforce all of that.
Again, we have identified in here that in the case of a number of things coming across the border, importers will have up to four years to change the classification of what they brought in. By then the goods are long gone into the economy. If the importer's coming back four years later and saying, “You know what? I didn't bring in product x, I brought in product y”, it's difficult to know whether that was the right thing.
This is not going to be simple to solve, but I think it does no one any good to have a system that cannot be applied. I think what they need to do is to go back and figure it out. Is it enforceable? How do we enforce it? What different steps would we have to take to enforce it? How do we know whether people are complying with it? I think it's going to take a serious look at the whole system. What are the goods that the duties have to be applied on, and how can we then make sure that those duties are actually being applied?
For us, the way we look at this is that, again, it's not for us to say what the duty system should be, or what duty should be applied on, but once it's been decided, then there needs to be a system that actually enforces it. Again, Canadian producers, Canadian businesses, need to know that the rules are being applied as they expect them to be applied, so that they know what the market is that they're working in.