Thank you, Mr. Chair.
Again, I thank the witnesses for being with us today. It's an extremely important issue. I will start with our friends from the AFN who are with us today. I note you opened with greetings from the national chief on our recent democratic exercise and congratulated us on getting elected. We appreciate that. I want to acknowledge his greetings.
The national chief, Shawn A-in-chut Atleo, is from Ahousaht, and Ahousaht is part of the area I represent. So I am in his traditional territory, at least part of my riding is, and we have been working together.
You mentioned reconciliation. One of the elder advisers is also from our area. Chief Barney Williams, a neighbour of mine, works very closely on the reconciliation issues.
For our friends from the Cree James Bay, we want to acknowledge the leadership of your community. In 1975 there was a very significant modern accomplishment in coming to an agreement, and the names of your former Grand Chief Matthew Coon Come and former Deputy Grand Chief Kenny Blacksmith are well known in our circles here for their dialogue and contributions to overcoming some significant challenges. Now, having said that, we're glad you're here together because we are looking for a way forward.
Mr. Collyer, in your written remarks you said:
We also want to emphasize that without concurrent process improvements related to Aboriginal consultation, we will not fully realize the benefits of improvements in the regulatory process.
We recognize that it's working better in some situations than others and there's something that needs to be fixed here. That's what the objective of our discussions is today.
For the CAPP, you employ some 500,000 people and represent 3.5% of our GDP. That's a huge contribution to Canada's GDP. Most of your operations are not in urban areas; they're out in rural areas. There are first nations communities there, which not only creates issues about consultation but it creates opportunities for economic development, partnerships, and employment of first nations.
Certainly that would be true of our mining community as well, where I think you have about 350,000 Canadians employed, and many of them would be first nations.
First of all, can you tell me or do you have any idea what percentage of your employed persons in the petroleum industry might be first nations, and the same for the mining association, if you could quickly remark on that? Do you have any idea?