I'll take this on behalf of the Assembly of First Nations.
The act itself, as a whole, can't do that without a specific provision. Our position is that it has to be done on a case-by-case basis and that first nations have to become engaged early in the process. The process itself has to respect, specifically, aboriginal treaty rights of those first nations. As well, it has to be sufficiently holistic to take into account, for instance, socio-economic impacts as well as benefits, cultural impacts, and human rights impacts.
As far as I know, the act does not do an adequate job, in our mind, of even taking into account the rights considerations, never mind some of these other ones. It's something the Assembly of First Nations has identified as a major issue with the act—which does not have an easy solution but requires dialogue between first nations and the crown, or between first nations and the government, more precisely, in order to address comprehensively how to deal with consultation.