Good afternoon, ladies and gentlemen.
Thank you for the opportunity to address your committee as part of your study on zero-emission vehicles in Canada.
Founded in 2006, Electric Mobility Canada is one of the very first organizations in the world dedicated to electric mobility. We are a national non-profit organization and are considered the Canadian experts in electric mobility.
EMC has more than 220 member organizations, including utilities, vehicle manufacturers, infrastructure providers, tech companies, research centres, cities, universities, fleet managers, etc.
We work on electric mobility from bikes to cars, from buses to boats, from trucks to trains, from mining to research to assembly to infrastructure to recycling and in all parts of Canada.
I personally have been working on electric mobility for almost 20 years and have written many books on the subject. At home, we drive electric cars, and by the way, we live in a rural area.
EMC supports incentives for the purchase of light and heavy-duty electric vehicles from buses to school buses to trucks, incentives for the purchase of used EVs and PHEVs, financial support for the purchase and installation of charging infrastructure, a federal ZEV standard, innovation programs related to the EV industry, education for consumers, the electrification of government fleets, and training and retraining programs for workers across Canada.
In the first half of 2020, ZEV sales were at 3.5% of all light-duty vehicle sales in Canada.
Unless a ZEV standard is adopted, Canada won't be able to meet its EV adoption targets. It still is very hard to find an EV, since only 33% of dealers in Canada have at least one EV in stock. Outside of Quebec, B.C., and Ontario, fewer than 20% of dealerships have at least one EV on their lot, so even though dealers want to sell EVs, they don't have enough supply to meet consumer demand.
According to a 2019 report by Clean Energy Canada, 560,000 clean technology jobs are expected to be created in Canada by 2030, with 50% of them in the clean transportation sector.
Between 2021 and 2030, if Canada follows the examples of California, B.C., Quebec and other jurisdictions around the world and adopts a ZEV standard, expected sales revenues, according to our calculations, are projected to exceed $190 billion.
Canada's goal is to reduce emissions of greenhouse gas, or GHGs, by at least 30% of 2005 levels by 2030. Between 2005 and 2018, GHG emissions from cars and light trucks rose 9%. GHG emissions from the transportation sector may soon be the number one source of GHG emissions in Canada, ahead of the oil and gas sectors.
According to the International Energy Agency, Canada is the number one country in the world for GHG emissions per kilometer driven by its light duty vehicle fleet, ahead of the United States' light vehicle fleet.
Over that same period, GHG emissions from the electricity sector have decreased by 46%, making Canada's electrical system one of the cleanest in the world, with 82% of electricity in Canada coming from non-GHG-emitting sources.
According to the National Research Council of Canada, light and heavy electric vehicles are cleaner than gas and diesel vehicles across Canada. By 2025, new battery technologies will drive battery prices down more than 50% while range will increase by more than 50%.
Air pollution in Canada has caused 14,600 deaths, which is 7.5 times the death toll of motor vehicle accidents.
In 2017, transport was responsible for the majority of total nitrogen oxide emissions and carbon monoxide emissions in Canada.
According to the 2019 Health Canada report, the total annual economic value associated with air pollution is $114 billion.
In conclusion, EVs, from light to heavy-duty, can help Canada meet its goals on climate change, lower air pollution and help Canadian citizens' health as well.