With respect to Bill C‑11, I would refer you to the brief we submitted a month ago.
The current Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act (PIPEDA) is essentially an act that originally incorporated into federal legislation an industry code of practice that was created a little over 20 years ago. So the current wording of PIPEDA is very much a repeat of that code. A code of practice is a code that is intended to improve business practices, but it is not written like a law. Bill C-11 is certainly a step forward. The structure of the bill is adequate, in terms of its content, to raise the appropriate questions.
That being said, we clearly have a lot of concerns about the content and the answers that the bill gives to those questions.
For example, what should the rules be on consent? What should the rules be on corporate responsibility? What should the powers of the commissioner's office be?
The starting point of the structure of the act is good, but a lot of work remains to be done. Looking at it broadly, I would say that the work before you, and before us, is to protect the right to privacy as a human right, as it should be. That's my view.
Beyond that, we need to find the right methods to help Canada ensure that data, including personal data, can be used in the public interest while protecting privacy. I think that's the overall goal. Public authorities have a responsibility to ensure that, in the 21st century, laws are drafted in such a way that we, as a society, can enjoy the benefits of the digital age, but in a way that protects privacy. That's how—