Yes. I know that when the federal government does budgeting now, it is thinking about gender impacts, which I think is appropriate. In family justice, every law has a significant gender impact, as the questioners point out. By and large in this country, women still do more child care within intact families than in separated families. That said, each family is unique, and we're certainly seeing an increasing number of families where the woman is the primary income earner and the father is the primary child carer. Also, there is an increasing number of families where both parents are shouldering those responsibilities equally.
On the question of how to help facilitate access to judges, again, while I know it's certainly not part of what your committee is doing, I would point out that the federal government has not reformed the Divorce Act in more than 30 years. That came into force in 1986, and certainly, reforming that legislation would help fathers and mothers to deal better with separation and divorce. It's something that the federal government can and should do. A number of provinces have changed their legislation, including British Columbia, Alberta, and Nova Scotia, so I think there's certainly a big federal role there.
As Mr. Callaghan suggested, dealing with access to family justice—and it is a major social issue, as he correctly pointed out—affects more Canadians than any other set of legal issues. It's not surprising that you politicians are hearing that, not only from your constituents, but also from your families and friends. These are certainly complex sets of issues, and different parts of the system interact with each other. We have had significant improvements made to some legislation. For example around child support, which is a huge issue, the federal child support guidelines have really helped reduce the level of conflict and provide certainty in direction. We need more legislative reform, but the federal government has made important starts. Certainly funding for legal aid would be another major issue to point out, particularly for women in violent situations who need it for child support, but fathers as well.
As we mentioned, we're working now.... When I say we, those in the legal profession, judges and lawyers who have supported academics have made major changes and are undergoing change. Right now, we're setting up a project in Ontario to increase the use and understanding of limited scope retainers to help improve access to justice. That's an ongoing effort. We're going to have the support of the law society as well. People in the provincial government in particular have been taking an interest in it in Ontario, but I know that people in the federal government are taking an interest as well.