Maybe I'll field that one.
In terms of how it works for PSPC, PSPC is a common service provider. A client department comes to us with its requirement. That's the first stage. That requirement, though, can be clear as mud, or it can be clear. PSPC works with that department to clarify what the requirement is. There may have to be, and it is encouraged that there be, industry engagement to look at capacity within the industry. It's also encouraged to look, early on, at whether trade agreements apply and, if so, what trade agreements would apply.
The first question we ask ourselves is about coverage. We look at the requirement and we look at the good or service. We ask ourselves whether that good or service is covered by any of the applicable trade agreements or multiple trade agreements. Then we look at contract value. We look at the threshold and whether the thresholds apply or not. Then we look at the entity that's actually purchasing the goods, and whether they are covered under the schedules or not. Then we look at whether one of the exceptions applies. Is it under the procurement strategy for aboriginal business? Is it a national security exception, depending on the requirement? That attends to the coverage elements.
From there, in terms of the boilerplate you mentioned, I wouldn't call them “boilerplate”. They are customized within PSPC for each and every single procurement with the client department. We do have standard acquisition clauses and templates that we employ, depending on low-, medium-, or high-risk complexity, that will govern what standard contract clauses are first incorporated, and then they are further tweaked. Those standard clauses basically ensure that government is on the right side of the trade agreement obligations procedurally, from a fairness perspective and from a transparency perspective.