It's a loaded question. The questions are very good.
First of all, yes, of course Public Services Procurement Canada does work with Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada. We do work closely on a number of fronts, not to mention the outreach efforts that we have, not only regionally through our OSME offices, the office of the Office of Small and Medium Enterprises, but also through our counterparts over at INAC, who do outreach efforts into the aboriginal communities themselves. Part of that is ensuring that government procurement is part of those outreach efforts, that they understand what government procurement opportunities there are, how PSAB could apply, and so forth.
We do have to be a little bit careful, though, in some of those outreach efforts, because we also have comprehensive land claim agreements in place in respect of certain geographic locations. I believe there are 20-something land claim agreements in place, so we do have to make sure our interactions are measured, but of course we do conduct those outreach activities.
Could we do more? I think we could always do more in terms of trying to make sure that we understand government business and how it works, and to promote indigenous businesses. We're working with INAC to develop a plan on how to move forward in that regard.
In terms of the reference levels that you've stated, it comes down to your technical specifications for qualifying suppliers and ensuring that those suppliers are eligible to perform the work you're asking of them. The more complex the work, the more risk there is to the work. It's an interaction between PSPC as the contracting authority, the common service provider, and the client department to identify what those procurement requirements truly are and what that client department needs in terms of eligibility for a qualified supplier. Yes, inherent within that there could be possible barriers to SMEs, so part of our effort is to look at reducing those barriers and at how we can reduce them as part of our procurement modernization efforts.