Five minutes? Okay, you'll give me a little bit of a warning before we get to the end.
On your question about the officials, as I indicated in my statement, we educate the officials to, among other things, look for visible signs of concussion. An official can cause the removal of a player from the game if he doesn't like what he sees. I think that's an important buy-in in terms of what takes place. They're on the ice and they may conceivably have the best view of what happened.
The officials are charged with enforcing the rules. They are regularly instructed on rule compliance. They are given coaching videos on a regular basis in terms of how the game should be called, what's legal and what isn't legal.
When we talk about the essential elements of the game, bodychecking—physical contact—is something that's part of the game and has been forever. It's something that makes the game exciting, appealing and entertaining. It's something that our players think is an important element of the game as well.
What we have learned is that whether or not it's ultimately concluded that a concussion leads to something else down the road—whether it's one concussion or 20 concussions—we can all agree that it's better if players are not concussed. There's no question about that.
Rule 48 has reduced, I believe, the incidence of concussions from head hits from 61% to 40%, so there has been a dramatic decline in the percentage of concussions caused by contact with the head. There are rules against hitting from behind. There are rules against elbowing. There are rules against cross-checking and high-sticking.
It's all part of a pattern of trying to keep the game as safe as possible. We've also changed equipment, reduced the size of shoulder pads and elbow pads. We've softened the environment to get rid of tempered glass and replace it with Plexiglas. We've required players—with the agreement of the players' association on all rule changes—to put on visors. We do a video analysis of injuries, including concussions, every year to see what's causing injuries and what adjustments have to be made. It's too easy to make blanket statements about changing a rule when in fact the rule that you're changing may not be addressing where the injuries are being caused.
We have the educational videos, and as importantly, we have the department of player safety, which is evaluating every hit. When there's a hit that is not appropriate, that transcends the rule, players get suspended for sometimes long periods of time, costing them potentially hundreds of thousands of dollars. All of this is part of a mosaic, if you will, that gets everybody—the constituents—to buy in and creates a framework and a culture that encourage safer play in a game that is inherently physical.
How am I doing on time, Mr. Chairman?