I don't know that I understand how accountability measures as such could go over into provincial areas.
As you may know, there's been an ongoing debate for some years between the Province of Quebec and the federal government regarding spending by the federal government in that province. From time to time, if my memory serves me well, the view often expressed, or sometimes expressed, by the Quebec government is that you can spend that money in the other provinces, but in this province, just give us the money--don't you spend it; you give us the money and we'll see that it is appropriately used. Sometimes that is acceptable to the federal government, I suppose, and sometimes it's not.
The important consideration here is that the federal government is accountable to the Parliament of Canada, to the House of Commons in particular. It's not accountable to the provincial governments, but the actions of the federal government in areas of provincial legislative jurisdiction sometimes give rise to a debate between a province, or several provinces, and the federal government about the propriety of what the federal government is doing.