To clarify, I can certainly provide to the committee afterwards a brief including several recommendations that range across everything from housing to EI. With regard to permanent residency, I've never seen any Parliamentary Budget Officer's report on what it would cost and what the benefits would be in financial terms of immediately granting everybody permanent residency.
If I can raise one point with regard to that, in a forthcoming paper from the school we will actually address the.... We did an analysis of the transportation logistics as they relate to the agricultural sector. When you look at the total agricultural system, including on farms and in processing, transportation is the one area where you actually have what you might want to call a transition rate. For every year, let's say about 1,000 temporary foreign workers come to work in the transportation business and about 96% become permanent residents, yet there has been an increasing number of temporary foreign workers coming to work in that sector every year. If everybody were angels, we wouldn't have to make these arguments, but there are those who remain concerned that offering permanent residency to farm workers might somehow reduce the supply of farm workers.
The presence of temporary foreign workers in other sectors, such as transportation, proves evidence to the contrary. People will continue to want to come and work in Canada. I understand the other council might disagree with me on this, but the Atlantic immigration program, with the accumulation of hours, could be adapted to an agriculture immigration pilot, but it needs to be accompanied with other reforms that concentrate on the safety of workers. Permanent residency does produce good health care and income outcomes. Immediately, we can also do much more in relation to housing, employment insurance, and to Ms. Kusie's point, licence shares so that workers can actually practice in the field they trained in as well.