Thank you, Mr. Chair.
Thank you to the witnesses.
I want to start out with Ms. Wallage regarding per se limits. I have reviewed the “Report on Drug Per Se Limits” issued by the Canadian Society of Forensic Science in September 2017.
The very first line of the executive summary notes that “a drug per se limit does not imply all drivers below this limit are not impaired and all drivers above this limit are impaired.” There really is a question about the correlation between impairment and THC levels. I found it troubling or concerning, at least, to see what a study that's cited here found when comparing chronic users with occasional users. The 11 individuals who were occasional users didn't register really any THC levels immediately after they started smoking, and they were basically under one nanogram eight hours later. By contrast, of the chronic users, one was at five nanograms before he even began to smoke marijuana, and “3 of the chronic users had THC blood concentrations of 2 ng/mL or greater 8 hours after smoking”. Another study cited found that nine of 21 regular users had five nanograms or more at least 24 hours after they had last used marijuana.
I'd just like you to comment on that because it's a real concern to me that if we're going to establish a per se limit, there has to be, surely, a correlation with impairment. Otherwise, what we have is an arbitrary limit.