Bonjour, and good afternoon, honourable members. It's my pleasure to be here today on behalf of Canada Action. It's a non-partisan and non-profit group that I founded several years ago as a concerned citizen who does not work in the energy or resource industry directly. I am here to tell you about a big opportunity for Canada, because our oil and gas and our natural resources are both good for our country and our citizens and good for the world.
The world needs all forms of energy, and the good news is that renewables and renewable demand are growing. However, the reality is that global oil and natural gas demand is also growing with it. Oil demand is forecast to reach more than 100 million barrels a day by 2020. Even when oil demand does peak several decades from now, it does not mean that oil demand will simply go away.
It is forecast that the world will add close to five million barrels of new demand from 2014 until the end of this year, and we still need to replace existing oil demand that is declining due to how oil is produced in natural declines. Today, roughly 85% of the world's energy use is fossil fuels, forecast to drop to 75% by approximately 2040, which is a huge opportunity for Canada to use our clean-tech sectors to produce the oil, natural gas, and fossil fuels the world needs.
It's also important to note that today Canada is a leader in renewables, and in the clean-tech sectors we are seventh globally for installed wind power capacity, 14th for solar capacity, and in the top three for hydro. We're also one of the only top oil reserve countries with carbon regulations since 2007 in Alberta, and one of the only top suppliers of oil to the United States with those regulations.
Just to give you some context and perspective, over the last decade oil and gas has often been Canada's largest export. Oil and gas exploration and production has the highest value-added to the economy in terms of GDP and above-average incomes. The Macdonald-Laurier Institute has calculated that natural resources contributed almost 50% of Canada's manufacturing, as well as 60% of our business investment, and almost 60% of our merchandise exports in 2010, supporting more than two million Canadians who work in the natural resource industries.
Energy has also been one of the biggest contributors to our trade surpluses, and I'm specifically speaking about the oil sands, a perfect example of our clean technology industry where our previous presenter was talking about the Xprize. The Xprize is an innovative program in the clean-tech sector to find solutions for carbon and to innovate using Canadian technology and for Canadian entrepreneurs to come up with solutions. That's how the oil sands got to where they are today, through innovation, technology, and research and development.
It's also important to note that, across Canada over the last couple of years, more than 3,000 companies have contributed directly to the oil sands supply chain outside of Alberta. It's also important to note that there are more than 300 indigenous-owned companies in Alberta that are active in the oil sands, with more than $10 billion of business that has been done with the oil sands industry in the last 15 years. As well, as we all want stable funding and trade surpluses and budget surpluses for our quality of life, it's important to note that the oil sands are expected to generate more than $1 trillion in royalties and taxes over the next two and a half decades. It's a tremendous opportunity for our country.
When we look globally, Canada is the third largest oil reserve. We are the top-ranked country on that list for freedom, democracy, equality, social progress, freedom of belief, freedom of the Internet, freedom of the press, top places to live, human development, best places to raise a family, transparency, and environmental performance. When we support Canadian resource production and Canadian oil and natural gas production, we are supporting good oil and gas for the world that has a positive impact globally on the environment and on human rights.
Speaking about innovation in the oil sands, in the oil sands industry, the first barrel was produced in 1967, and production will approach three million barrels a day in the next 24 months. Roughly 80% of the reserves are at depths “too deep to be mined”, which is the most common thing that you'll see in the media or when people fly over. Hence, in situ production again is a Canadian technology and a good example of Canadian innovation.
From the oil sands comes the longest life, lowest-decline oil production on earth. Instead of drilling thousands and thousands of new wells, we can simply build one oil sands facility and that will support long life, stable, and low-decline production employing Canadian families. The oil sands industry has reduced greenhouse gas emissions by more than 30% per barrel over the last 20 years, with similar growth in the reduction of water consumption and water recycle ratios, which are as high as 97%.
We've also increased land reclamation speed and technologies through a variety of industry initiatives, including COSIA, which is sponsoring the Xprize with the Alberta government. It's also important to note that there are six countries that produce oil with higher emissions than the oil sands, and we need to have an informed conversation about Canadian leadership.
When we're talking about Canadian families and those who work in the resource sectors, and how we defend and promote their interests, we need to make sure that we're benchmarking Canadian environmental and social progress measurements against the global metrics of competing producers, especially those who are exporting oil to Canada and those we're competing with on the global stage.
We need a zero-tolerance policy from the government, and from all levels of government and all of our elected officials, against misinformation and inaccurate reporting that undermine the good work we're doing on the environment, on technology, and on research and development. It doesn't matter what we do if we don't tell the story properly.
We need to look at who's opposing job opportunities for our families and the tax and royalty revenues that come along with them to support our quality of life, and ask how many other countries they are active in. There's a very prolific campaign against Canadian energy in all forms—the tar sands campaign and its associated network of groups—and we need to look at that to make sure we're having balanced and informed conversations.
We need to undertake an immediate and full competitiveness review and ask ourselves the hard questions. Why are there seven LNG projects under construction in the United Sates, while we have a couple of small ones that might start construction?
We need to look at how we can get in the game and get Canadian resources to market. The U.S. is actually exporting our oil and soon will be exporting our natural gas to global markets. We are missing out on that opportunity to diversify into higher value-added production and to create higher revenues for our economy.
We need to enact policies that support Canadian exports and innovation, and help displace less green oil around the world. It's a tremendous opportunity for our country.
When we look at pipelines and market access, we have one customer right now. There are 131,000 kilometres of pipelines planned or under construction around the world in 2017. We need to look at how we can get our pipelines from approval to construction, so that we can achieve full value for our resources, the resources that are owned by Canadians and that fund our social services and our government programs.
Of the world's top 15 oil producers, Canada is the only country without the infrastructure required to facilitate international free trade. This should be our number one priority. With market access, we can realize higher pricing, take our future out of the hands of our single largest customer, and create a better value chain, a higher value chain, for everyone across the fair trade supply chain that is Canadian energy.
Lack of certainty impacts investment decisions and job creation, and we're seeing that right now. Some large international companies are choosing to invest in the Middle East and in other jurisdictions around the world, and they're not investing here.
If we don't immediately undertake to support innovation in the oil and gas sector, we may get to a point in the future where we don't have another Xprize because we won't have that industry there. In the Xprize and COSIA, there are a number of great innovations that have been happening with in situ production, and with solvents and a number of other technologies that are incredibly high-tech. Canadian energy is high-tech. It's as high-tech as it gets. We need to provide certainty to companies and financial markets that Canada is open for business and focused on being competitive. The federal government could play a huge role in the next generation of innovations, supporting continued job and tax base creation along with continued decreases in environmental impacts.
Many of our oil and gas companies are some of the largest investors in wind, solar, and other forms of energy and renewable energy production. When we have these conversations, I hear from people all the time that they had no idea how well Canada was doing globally in the renewable space.
We are a leader right now. We should be proud, and we need to focus on cementing policies and competitiveness that will attract jobs and investment and continue to encourage innovation.
Thank you very much.