Thank you, Mr. Chair.
Thank you, gentlemen.
First, thank you for the very comprehensive document you submitted to the committee. Bill C-59 is, indeed, complex to study, and the document you have provided contains very important elements.
I would like to come back to one point, the approval process.
The problem right now is cyber threats. In cyber defence, there is a maximum number of resources that can be in the know and that can counter cyberattacks. We work together on this. However, when we talk about active trading, that is, when Canada conducts cyber operations, I find that there are many levels of intervention, given the secret nature of the information. If you want to carry out an operation, you need to collect information or make computer-based interventions in the systems.
This morning, I attended the meeting of the Standing Committee on National Defence. We have heard from people who work on cyber operations. According to them, in defence, the important thing is to provide protection. In case of attacks, they will especially turn to the CSE.
According to Bill C-59, when we talk about conducting operations, we seek the approval of the Minister of Foreign Affairs. On your side, you also ask for supervision by the Intelligence Commissioner.
Don't you think there are too many people involved in secret operations?