With your permission, I will make a few comments in English, since I mostly work in English currently.
There's no doubt about the threat capabilities of Russia. They have been demonstrated through the interference in democratic processes through western Europe and in the United States and increasingly in a number of specific states in the U.S. Russia's malicious intent in supporting autocratic regimes from Syria and elsewhere is clear. Those are much more predictable and traditional types of quasi-military activities. In the hybrid warfare threats that we've seen them conduct, they are using proxies in Internet-type attacks, and in convergence with organized criminal groups in Russia, we have seen them launching a number of important negative effects on jurisdictions, including Canada.
China is a much more complex issue, and I understand the challenges of national jurisdictions like ours. State-owned enterprises and authoritarian capitalism seem to drive a lot of business opportunities and business decisions, but they represent complexities from time to time that I'm not sure we have fully examined as Canadians.
There's also the issue that China is now in the age of self-admitted “sharp power”, and they exercise that power with very little reservation anymore. There's no longer even a question of hiding their intentions. They are taking a very aggressive approach around resources and intellectual property, and they also are very clear in dealing with dissidents and academics. They've arrested some of them, and they punish others, including academic institutions in North America, at their will, so I think there's a value challenge that Canadians have to consider along with the economic opportunities discussion. The Cold War is over, but a new version is rapidly emerging, and I think our focus on counterterrorism is not always our best play.