If you look at the past of the aerospace industry, you had companies, any company—let's take Boeing, for example, during the Second World War. You have aircraft manufacturers, but lots of the components of the aircraft—the landing gear, the engines, the instruments, the navigation equipment, the computers—come from outside. So it's been quite a while since aircraft manufacturers have been more assemblers of components that have been made elsewhere. So they make the airframe, and all the bits and pieces are put on it, and you have the airplane.
What has changed in more recent years is that the airframe is in Europe. Airbus might have been a pioneer of that, it's possible. I'm not familiar enough, but they certainly did it a lot, where you have the central assembly plant, which happened to be in France. You have the bodies—the airframe itself is in pieces, so you have the tail section that comes from Spain, the front fuselage comes from France, and another section, and they assemble the thing. Even when building the airframe itself, they are assembling components of the airframe together, attaching the components like the engines, the electronics, and sort of selling that. Well, the French will tell you it's a French airplane. The Airbus will tell you that it's a European airplane, because aviation is extremely nationalistic in that sense. But the internationalization of the industry has been going on, and Bombardier has decided to take that route.
The CSeries, for example, is a case in point. But now that, for example, Bombardier has factories in Northern Ireland, as you've said, which has expertise in composite production going back to possibly an all-composite aircraft that came out in the 1980s, if I remember. There is certainly expertise there in terms of curing composites. It's not like cooking pies, but it's almost like cooking the materials in order to create this fuselage.
Bombardier Toronto and Bombardier Montreal also do work with Learjet in the United States, so they are certainly integrating the aircraft manufacturing aspect of it so some pieces are made here, and some pieces are made there. It's pretty much part and parcel of what the industry is today. Bombardier, being a major player in that, has to play by those rules. It's pretty much the situation. But there's a great deal of assembly of components more than actually manufacturing of components at the factory. That is true, and that is not going to stop. It's going to get more and more.