House of Commons photo


Crucial Fact

  • His favourite word was quebec.

Last in Parliament March 2011, as Bloc MP for Saint-Jean (Québec)

Lost his last election, in 2011, with 31% of the vote.

Statements in the House

Royal Canadian Mounted Police February 16th, 1994

Mr. Speaker, the people of the entire Mohawk territory are being terrorized by a few armed offenders. The Globe and Mail reported today that Chief Debbie Thomas from the Akwesasne Reserve had repeatedly asked the federal government to hold an inquiry into the violent or unexplained death of 75 people since 1979, and all these facts were corroborated by the Mohawk Police Chief, Mr. Brian David.

Does the Solicitor General not agree that it is high time that the RCMP answer the call of citizens terrorized by a handful of dangerous criminals?

Indian Affairs February 8th, 1994

Mr. Speaker, to put an end to this slaughter, what kind of concrete measures does the Prime Minister intend to take to enforce the provisions of the Criminal Code regarding the control of firearms, more precisely on these reserves?

Indian Affairs February 8th, 1994

Mr. Speaker, the Prime Minister declared on many occasions, and said it again today in the House, The law applies to everybody and everywhere. Everyone agrees, as mentioned by the Mohawk leader in Akwesasne, that one of the major problems faced by the three reserves is the unrestricted circulation of a high number of firearms. The presence of such firearms has contributed to the creation of a climate of terror; in the last seven years, 70 of the 7,000 people living in the Akwesasne reserve have been killed; the circumstances of their death remain a mystery.

My question to the Prime Minister is as follows: Will he recognize that one of the major problems in the Akwesasne, Kanesatake and Kanawake reserves stems mainly from the proliferation of firearms in the hands of a few individuals allowed to terrorize the people?

Kahnawake Band Council February 7th, 1994

Mr. Speaker, the Kahnawake Band Council has issued a press release which is a full blown charge against Quebecers and their government. This press release refers to the hatred of the population, the persecution of English speaking Quebecers and the immorality of the Quebec government.

I want to say that Quebecers are a tolerant people and that, despite numerous exactions by armed native groups, they continue to have good relations with native people. Moreover, I would like to say that the Quebec government was the first to recognize the principle of self-determination and that the James Bay Agreement is still a model in Canada.

We have in Quebec a joint forum made up of equal numbers of representatives from various native peoples and representatives of Quebec society where current problems are being discussed. Instead of resorting to such unacceptable and provocative language, the Mohawks should join this forum.

Indian Affairs January 31st, 1994

Mr. Speaker, if the Minister of Indian Affairs is happy with the agreement reached between Chief Jerry Peltier and National Defence, does he intend to extend its application to all reserves and territories here in Canada, for the benefit of all native peoples?

Indian Affairs January 31st, 1994

Mr. Speaker, the Minister of National Defence announced last week in this House that negotiations had been held with Chief Jerry Peltier with regard to the events in Kanesatake. After the minister changed his own version of the facts, Chief Jerry Peltier changed his accordingly, because he himself had confirmed to me that shots had indeed been fired at the aircraft dispatched to locate the source of the distress signal within the boundaries of the reserve.

My question is for the Minister of Indian Affairs. Has the Minister or his department been invited by the Minister of National Defence to take part in negotiations with Chef Jerry Peltier and the Kanesatake Band Council?

Cruise Missile Testing January 26th, 1994

Madam Speaker, I do not have much time, but I will try to be quick. The hon. member talked about a defensive strategy and I found his point interesting. I would have liked to learn a bit more about that. There has been a gradual change in the deterrent strategy with which I have agreed for years. The nuclear era started with the bombing of Hiroshima. Then we witnessed a gradual build-up of destructive power to a point were total destruction of a city the size of New York was possible. Nowadays, the deterrent strategy is more and

more focused on better-targeted weapons. I would have liked the hon. member to further explain his point of view, as it seems to me that this justifies the testing of cruise missiles over Canadian territory. Could he elaborate briefly on this new deterrent strategy based on precise strikes rather than on total annihilation?

Cruise Missile Testing January 26th, 1994

Mr. Speaker, I would like to congratulate the hon. member for his remarks with which I generally agree. I think he is right in saying that there are two debates: the old one and the new one in the context in which we now find ourselves.

I must admit that, in the old debate, I was personally and completely opposed to cruise missile testing because, at the time, they were only adding to a nuclear arsenal already horrible and terrifying for the whole planet.

In those days, in that old debate, as soon as something new happened in the area of armament, there was always someone in the intelligentsia, in Quebec as well as in the rest of Canada, who rose in disgust claiming that we should stop pouring huge amounts of money into armament. That was part of the old debate and at that time, you would have found me on the barricades or marching to protest against cruise missile testing.

In this new debate, with the end of the cold war, there still remain areas of the world which pose a threat for democratic nations like ours. There are countries that rule through terrorism, choking off democracy. We saw an example of this during the gulf war and we saw that with the kind of interventions called for by the UN, we can avoid massive killing of civilian populations. This kind of equipment and its sophisticated guiding mechanism makes it possible to hit a target dead on, with a minimum of civilian casualties.

I now think, in this new debate, that to protect democracy as such, in our country and everywhere else, it is important to be equipped with the proper tools, no longer aimed at massive destruction, but at delicate surgery to excise those threats to democracy.

My question is this: After what I have said, do you agree that some countries should increase their activities against terrorism on the international level by using this type of surgical tool to strike down those anti-democratic offenders? Do you think that

such a tool could be more useful rather than less useful in the present debate?

Indian Affairs January 26th, 1994

Mr. Speaker, the Prime Minister was at one time minister of Indian affairs. Does he not agree that establishing native self-government on a sound foundation requires amending the Constitution, as the chief of the First Nations, Mr. Ovide Mercredi, maintains and asserts?

Indian Affairs January 26th, 1994

Mr. Speaker, in the absence of the minister of Indian affairs, I will direct my question to the Prime Minister. The Quebec Minister responsible for Native Affairs, Mr. Christos Sirros, said two days ago that native self-government could be achieved by administrative agreement, that is, with no constitutional amendment.

I would therefore ask the Prime Minister if he still shares the Quebec minister's opinion that native self-government can be recognized through administrative agreements alone.