Good morning, Professor Wu. Thank you very much for being here—well not actually here, but via the technology we have today.
I want to ask you two philosophical questions because I think my colleagues have done a very good job getting down to the limitations or implications of net neutrality. Since you're living in the United States—and I lived in Boston for three years when I was a student—the two principles I don't understand, particularly why there has not been a larger backlash to this, are the elements of free enterprise and free speech.
If we look at net neutrality, for the last 15 or 20 years there has been a constant effort to try to diminish that concept, indirectly or directly. If you look at the way the Internet was designed, the end-to-end principle of network design—you mentioned the Madison River case, and if you look at AOL, with their walled garden strategy, and AT&T not having Skype on the iPhone, or Verizon not having a Google wallet—there have been attempts for the last 15 or 20 years to circumvent the rule of net neutrality.
I go back to the debate that you had with Professor Yoo many years ago. One of the things he talked about in that debate was access tiering, which you were against, but the other thing he brought up was Schumpeter's thesis, wherein only large companies could innovate.
If you go back over the last 15 or 20 years, with the advent of the Internet and the technology we have, it's smaller companies that are innovating. You mentioned that very clearly. You said that Bell was great at developing the infrastructure for telephone but wasn't so good at, or came late to, the Internet.
What I fundamentally don't understand, when we look at the American system, is why there has not been a larger outcry, especially when the heart of the American system is being attacked, which is free enterprise. I don't understand that, because the country and its systems of government and the economy have been built on the concept of free enterprise, yet there has been no large outcry.
We are discussing this issue in Canada, although it has happened in another country. Can you explain what's happening in the United States? Is it that people don't know, that they don't understand the implications? Even for business people—small, large, medium—it's going to have an implication.