It started earlier. It was a part of Estonian state-building from scratch, actually, after the Soviet occupation. We had this vision and strong political will to build up a modern state and our technology. We had some technologically knowledgeable people, and also politicians who believed that technology could support us in these efforts to modernize and build a really modern state. There was no political opposition to the use of technology.
There was opposition when we introduced digital identity cards in 2001. There was debate in the constitutional committee. Some members of the committee asked why we needed this digital identity, what kinds of services the government would offer. It was difficult to explain at that time what exactly we would do with this digital identity, but we still had some vision that digitalization would go on and that sooner or later we'd need to have the opportunity to identify ourselves in the digital world. We made this very correct decision not to make our identity card for digital identity a voluntary action. You are obliged in Estonia to have a digital ID card. All citizens and residents of Estonia must have it.