I wanted to respond to the two questions that madame asked. One was about the status of women today and if there had been any change, and the other one was about how to deal with the Koran and sharia law, etc.
I'll deal with the religious issue first. I think it's valuable to know that what the Taliban did was hijack their own religion for political opportunism, and the extraordinary thing is that they got away with it. There's nothing in the Koran to support what the Taliban did. There's no place that says a girl can't go to school, a woman can't go to work, or even that a woman must cover her face. So their version of the Koran...I mean, they were making it up as they went along and they were getting away with it.
In terms of the effect, this is an Islamic state, and what you have now is sharia law, tribal law, and civil law. There is a new program, another program that Canada has invested an enormous amount of money in through Rights and Democracy in Montreal. It is the reform of family law. It's a very tricky file, but it is working. It has started. They've already started sitting down with—you have to consider this—illiterate mullahs who also make it up as they go along, who live in the village, and who have had that power in the village all this time. It takes time to convince the mullah to sit down and—heaven forbid—to sit down with women. It is happening, but it is tricky.
As for how women are doing, there are women parliamentarians and women journalists. There are six million kids in school, and two million of them are girls. That means approximately 3.5 million girls are not in school, but two million is a start. And women are back at work. What would you say—is it 20% of the workers in Kabul right now? There weren't that many out in the country....
Things are better, but again, it's a very fragile place.