[Witness spoke in Russian, interpreted as follows:]
On the Crimean peninsula, Russia's not interested in the economic situation there. The Crimean peninsula is being fully funded by the budget of the Russian Federation, and Russian economists are saying that the annual upkeep of Crimea will cost from $3 billion to $5 billion, but I think this includes some military expenditures as well.
As far as business and the economic situation goes, I guess you can judge the well-being of any country or region by its trade. When Crimea was controlled by Ukraine, the trade turnover was about $3 billion. In 2017, the trade turnover was about $200 million. They traded with Syria, with Assad's regime; with Armenia; with those countries that do recognize the occupation. Of course, business activities have decreased sharply.
In addition to that, many companies just close their doors. Those who came to power raided and took control over other businesses. In order to do business in Crimea, you can't be just a businessman. You can't not be implicated in politics. Every day you would have to demonstrate how loyal you are to the regime. You have to proclaim how great it is to be within Russia, that Putin is great, and then you can have some hope that your business will do well, but Crimean Tatars do not know how to say those things, and of course we were the first to lose our businesses.
Overall, business activity on the whole has gone down, but the Russian Federation does not care about that. What they most care about is Crimea as a military bridgehead.