Yes. Thanks. That's a good question.
The U.K. is far ahead of the Government of Canada in introducing a lot of modern design practices, bringing in technology talent and also instituting hard carrots and sticks for departments to be smart about how they procure and manage technology.
One of the things they did early on was institute spend controls in order to shrink the size of contracts. In the brief, we explain why that's important: because when contracts are small, it's easier to pivot from vendors that aren't performing well. It also forces vendors to produce something early so you can test it with users to see if it actually makes sense and works.
They saved an incredible amount of money in that jurisdiction, and that's why they rose to the top of all the global rankings of digital government. Their model of thinking about how to build digital capacity has been largely recreated around the world, including in Canada. The Canadian Digital Service is built out of that model.
We can look to the U.K. for examples—