With respect to the Canadian Human Rights Act, the key piece will be that it's adding a new prohibited ground of discrimination to the CHRA: the ground of genetic characteristics. We were just been here on Bill C-16, which was also adding a new ground of gender identity and expression. This bill will provide explicit protection against discrimination on the basis of genetic characteristics.
From the Department of Justice's perspective, there already is some protection in the CHRA under the ground of disability for anyone who has a predisposition, as we would call it, to a disability that might be revealed through any number of means, including a genetic test. That has been established in the case law by the Supreme Court, in the case of Quebec v. Boisbriand (City) and Quebec v. Montreal (City). This is taking that, in a way, one step further to make it clear that discrimination is prohibited whenever someone has a genetic characteristic that may predispose them to particular abilities or not, or illness or not, and clear that this is obviously a prohibited basis on which employers and service providers who are regulated by the federal jurisdiction can make decisions.