Thank you so much for that.
In a nutshell, based on empirical evidence, I would strongly urge the committee not to consider a FEMA model in the Canadian context. The reason for that is that the key aspects of effective disaster response, whether that's information sharing, flexibility, support of each other, collective conflict resolution, clear roles and responsibilities, coordination, integration or trust amongst partners, all can be measured across disaster events. They have been measured. Our model, in the Canadian context, is not perfect, but we score higher on all those than our American counterparts, and a big part of that is the FEMA intrusion and blurring of lines of responsibility.
I would, in a nutshell, say, do not look there. The military is nice in the Canadian context because it augments but it does not come and take command and control. It's a resource that smooths out across the country, but it doesn't have this FEMA model of attempting to deploy into a region that it doesn't know as well as the provinces or the municipalities would.