Thank you, Mr. Chair.
I obviously want to thank the witnesses who are before us today on this important issue.
My questions will start with Dr. Reynen. I have some questions with regard to animal welfare.
We do find ourselves in a bit of a conundrum between CFIA regulations. With fully mature or weaned bovine, the maximum hours of transportation before a stop are 36 hours. With ELDs, we're saying 12 to 13 hours. There's a bit of flexibility, but if we were to add that clarity at 276 kilometres, we could say that's another extra three hours.
I am supportive of more clarity from ELDs. I am supportive of that, but when we advocate on the animal welfare issue, we would find ourselves, on the human transportation side, saying that you could drive up to perhaps a maximum of 19 hours in extreme cases before making a stop.
I'm just concerned with.... Obviously, there's the maximum number of hours—36 hours versus 19 hours—and if we go only on the maximum hours, if Transport Canada turns around and says, “Hey, CFIA, we're at 19 hours: Is this an animal welfare concern?”, CFIA would say, “No, because we don't care about anything below 36 hours. We don't care.”
Can you explain to this committee why there could be other animal welfare concerns, and that it's not necessarily around times but the impacts of times—unloading, for instance?