Yes, that's correct. You would have to comply with that, and I think article 7 is fairly unambiguous in the language there. When a certain threshold is met, then the transfer shall not be authorized.
There is, as you highlighted, a mechanism there for mitigation, which allows an exporting state or a state granting an export licence to engage in dialogue with an importing state around mitigation which could, in theory, be.... For example, if you were seeking to export to a destination where there were significant human rights concerns, you could engage with that government around measures to reduce those human rights concerns and, perhaps, return to the export in some period after standards might have improved or changed. But yes, I think the language is clear.
I would add, on your previous point around the relationship with the U.S. and the exemptions there, I think that would be contrary to the ATT to allow the continued exclusion of the U.S. from legislation because of the very clear language around highest possible common international standard, because the purpose of this treaty is very much about trying to globalize, universalize, the same standards and decision-making processes for all countries.
I don't think it affects relationships with countries. I think, as my colleague from Oxfam also highlighted, if you look at the EU, there are obviously close relationships between many countries within the EU with regard to trade, and they have slightly lighter touch processes that they therefore have for authorizations, but they are still subject to those processes. They are not excluded from them. There is no exemption from country A to country B in terms of the arms authorizations, so I see no reason why Canada would need to have a continued exemption with the U.S. Indeed, I would believe that would be contrary to the obligations in article 2 and article 5 of the treaty.