It does specifically particularly relate to the use of small arms and light weapons which, as you know, are included in the treaty under the scope. The aim of the ATT is to ultimately reduce the number of illicit weapons in circulation by first regulating the licit trade. One reason it came into being is that there have been efforts by the UN and by many countries to tackle the illicit trade, for example, through the UN program of action on the illicit trade of weapons; however, most weapons, 99% of weapons, begin in the licit trade.
There's this huge grey area between the licit trade and the illicit trade. Unless you're effectively regulating and controlling the licit trade, you have no really effective means of preventing the large number of weapons that end up in the illicit trade. One purpose of the ATT is that, ultimately, if effectively implemented by a wide number of countries, we should see fewer weapons in the illicit trade, which will also contribute to a reduction in gender-based violence and violence against women and children.
The language of gender-based violence is important because gender-based violence, of course, could be violence that is specifically targeted at women and girls because of their gender. It can also be violence that's specifically targeted at men and boys because of their gender. In the implementation of the treaty, we're encouraging governments to develop guidelines. Indeed, we're doing work ourselves to support governments in the development of guidelines and indicators you would be looking at if you were making a risk assessment of an application for an arms transfer of what a risk of gender-based violence might look like to help guide and support officials in adequately taking that decision. It would be a range of publicly available human rights and humanitarian information as well as many other topical reports that might exist on a particular destination.