There are a few points.
We have an interesting regime in terms of identification in Canada. We have a requirement by federal legislation with regard to identification and proof of address, but we don't have a national card. That I find quite striking. We don't have a national card that meets all the requirements for identification. That forces us to adopt a system that's rather complex. It leads to, I believe, 32 or even more pieces of ID that are to be accepted.
At that time, in 2014, given what we knew about youth and seniors mostly, and also, I must say, aboriginal people living on reserve, we thought those groups were facing unique challenges in terms of proving who they were and where they lived. We ran pilots in by-elections and also in the GE. We allowed the use of the VIC in very specific circumstances, such as in student residences, where they're not likely to have a document establishing where they live. If they have a driver's licence—many don't—it probably has the address of whatever place they live with their parents.
We used it for this group and we used it for seniors. Nowadays, seniors often don't have access to their personal documents. Many of them don't have any bills that come in their name, so there's no address; similarly for aboriginals. In those cases, which were all closed environments, I did allow the use of the VIC, and it was a success, a real success. It allowed people to vote who may not otherwise have been able to. It also allowed them to vote independently, which is important, and to vote expeditiously.