The concern is that it needs to be enforceable. It's one thing to have an anti-collusion provision between a party and a third party or two third parties, etc., but it needs to be enforceable.
We're seeing in Ontario right now unregistered third parties that are just not registering. There are unregistered third parties that are colluding with one of the registered third parties and they're doing it blatantly and obviously because Elections Ontario's compliance mechanism is responsive and not proactive. Elections Ontario will only respond to a complaint.
There are several complaints in the system right now that are not going to be addressed before the election on Thursday, so the electoral process may have been tainted by inappropriate collusion. If that's found to be the case, Elections Canada will have to be very proactive and it needs to be empowered to do so.
I can't emphasize enough the importance of the anti-collusion provisions. They could be worked on, certainly, in this legislation, but parliamentarians need to be cautious about rushing it through. Collusion is going to be an issue. As soon as you impose a spending cap on a third party, there is a concern that a third party will just break itself up, collude with individuals of a similar mind and similar interests, and if we're not enforcing the anti-collusion provisions, then the spending limits become meaningless. They're something that parliamentarians really need to focus on, and I think a lot more time needs to be spent being concerned with them.