Thanks for the question.
I would say, as far the white paper is concerned and any traction that we've had in trying to advance the recommendations that are contained in the paper, not to overstate it, but I think what we experienced in Canada at the sport level, at the government level quite frankly was that there were so many other competing priorities for sport. This isn't a burning bush on anyone's desk, so we really can't pay attention to it unless we have a catastrophe that commands our attention.
We believe there is a catastrophe bubbling below the surface of sport, and so we have continued to work hard. Other countries have grabbed hold of this—Australia, Germany, Great Britain, Finland—where they have created integrity units in their countries. They have said that the way to address this is through one universal policy that wraps its arms around this in a legislative and regulatory way. We need confidential reporting mechanisms. We need one set of consequences that would apply to all sports. We need mandatory education that all participants would be required to take.
As was pointed out, the most vulnerable sports in our country are our national sports organizations, Olympic sports and Paralympic sports, because these individuals don't make much money, so that's where organized crime focuses their efforts. The prop betting is where they really focus their efforts, because they believe they can make innocuous agreements around a coin toss or something like that, or a double fault in the second game of the second set in tennis. The player is going to get $10,000 for doing it, and they say, “Well, I'll do that because that's not throwing the match,” but then they hook them in and they elevate their ask after that.
These athletes are very vulnerable. One universal policy—an independent integrity unit administering it, confidential reporting, a set of consequences, mandatory education—all the things we did in anti-doping, for example, could apply to the issue of match manipulation and a way to prevent it.
This bill is a real shining light in terms of getting some traction around the recommendations of the white paper, and that's why we so strongly support it.